Fennovoima's Environmental Impact
Fennovoima submitted its Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Report to the Ministry of Employment and the Economy on February 2014. The report contains an assessment of the environmental impacts of the 1200 MW nuclear power plant at Pyhäjoki site.
Fennovoima and Rusatom Overseas signed a plant supply contract of a pressurized water reactor AES-2006 in December 2013. Since Rusatom's nuclear power plant was not mentioned as one of the plant alternatives in the original Decision-in-Principle application, the Ministry of Employment and the Economy required in June 2013 that Fennovoima updates the project’s environmental impact assessment with this EIA procedure.
During the EIA procedure impacts of the construction and operation of a nuclear power plant on people and environment have been assessed. In addition, the EIA report compares the environmental impacts of 1200 MW nuclear power plant to 1800 MW nuclear power plant, which was assessed in 2008.
According to the EIA report nuclear power plant to be constructed in Pyhäjoki is feasible. Compared to the nuclear power plant assessed in 2008 the environmental impacts to water systems, fishery and nature conservation areas are slightly smaller in 1200 MW power plant.
Studies and surveys of 2008 EIA report and the present environmental data have been utilized in the environmental impact assessment. Further resident survey and group interviews have been carried out as well spreading of cooling water and noise has been modeled.
The EIA report has been drawn up according to the requirements of Finnish EIA legislation. Statement of the coordinating authority regarding the EIA program has also been taken into account in the EIA report.
What is EIA?
EIA is a process where a project’s direct and indirect impact on, for example, human health, soil, social structures and on exploitation of natural resources are evaluated. The EIA is made for projects that may considerably influence the environment. These projects are specified by law and nuclear power plants are among these projects.
The goal of the Environmental Impact Assessment is to reduce or weaken the negative consequences of a planned project and strengthen the positive ones. It also offers a way to increase citizen’s access to information and opportunities to participate.